Edward II of Caernavon PLANTAGANET, King of England

Male 1284 - 1327


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  • Name  Edward II of Caernavon PLANTAGANET, King of England  [1
    Suffix  King of England 
    Born  25 Apr 1284  Caernarfon Castle, Caernarfon, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Male 
    Died  21 Sep 1327  Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried  Gloucester Cathedral, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID  I6084  adkinshorton
    Last Modified  14 Apr 2013 

    Father  Edward I PLANTAGANET, 'Longshanks' King of England,   b. 17 Jun 1239, Westminster, London, Greater London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Jul 1307, Burgh-on-Sands, Cumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  Eleanor OF CASTILE,   b. 1241, Castile, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Nov 1290, Herdeby, near Grantham, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  18 Oct 1254  Burgos, Castile, Sparin Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F25330  Group Sheet

    Family  Isabella of France,   b. 1295, Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Aug 1358, Castle Rising, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Edward III of England,   b. 13 Nov 1312, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Jun 1377, Sheen Palace, Richmond, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. John Of Eltham, 1st Earl of Cornwalll,   b. 15 Aug 1316, Eltham Palace, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Sep 1336, Perth, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Eleanor, Countess of Guelders,   b. 18 Jun 1318, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Apr 1355
     4. Joan, Queen of Scots,   b. 05 Jul 1321, Tower of London, London, Greater London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 07 Sep 1362, Hertford Castle, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified  14 Apr 2013 
    Family ID  F27994  Group Sheet

  • Notes 
    • First Prince of Wales, 1301; Edward reigned from 1307 until 1327 when he was deposed on January 21, 1327 and murdered by a red-hot poker in his bowels. His reign was troubled by extravagances, military disasters in Scotland (notably at Bannockburn in 1314), and the unpopularity of his favorite peers, Gaveston (who died in 1312) and Hugh le Despencer (1262-1326). He was the first Prince of Wales.

      Edward Plantaganet II., of Caernarvon, Prince of Wales, ascended to the throne as King Edward II. He was born at Caernarvon Castle, in Wales, on April 25, 1284. By charter dated February 7, 1301 he rescinded a grant of the principality of Wales and the county of Chester. He married, on January 28, 1307/08, Isabella of France, daughter of King Philip IV, the Fair, King of France. She died August 22, 1358. Incapable as a ruler and pleasure loving, he reigned for twenty years, being advised at first by Piers Gaveston, whom the barons disliked and murdered in 1312. In 1314 King Edward II. was defeated by the Scots at the battle of Bannockburn. The Despencers later controlled the government; they too were disliked, and by the Queen Isabella in particular. She returned to her native France, taking her son Edward with her and refused to return while the Despencer family was in power. King Edward's followers deserted him and on January 7, 1327 he was deposed by Parliament. He was later imprisoned at Kenilworth Castle and then at Berkeley Castle, where he was murdered September 21, 1327, and was buried at Gloucester.

  • Sources 
    1. [S18796] The Paternal Ancestry of Homer Beers James, Vol. I.


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